Makaram, which falls between mid-January and mid-February in the Gregorian calendar, is the 6th month of the Malayalam calendar. In Sanskrit
, Makara literally means 'crocodile' and in astrology, Makara means 'Water Horse.' This is the occasion when the sun enters the zodiac sign of Capricorn.
Makar Sankranti, an auspicious festival which marks the day of the sun's ascendancy to the northern hemisphere, falls in this month.