Faridabad is an industrial town situated in the south-eastern Haryana
, in the outskirts of the capital city of India, New Delhi
. It is the administrative headquarters of Faridabad District
The place was founded by Sheikh Farid, the treasurer of emperor Shah Jahan, in 1607. It is also ascribed to the eminent saint Baba Farid. It was declared a municipality in 1867.
At the time of Indian partition, Faridabad was a tiny village earmarked for the resettlement of refugees from Pakistan. These displaced people should be credited for founding the primary infrastructure of the city. The town had been planned in a semi-circle with the industrial area falling along the periphery, surrounding it. Having made an entry into the industrial map of India in the late 1950s, the town, by now, had grown in leaps and bounds, to be recognized as the 10th largest industrial town in the country. Its proximity to Delhi, just 30 km away, had also helped in achieving this phenomenal growth. Now the city alone is responsible for generating more than 60% of the revenue of Haryana.
Places of tourist interest in and around the town include
Badkhal Lake, Baba Farid's Tomb, Raja Nahar Singh Palace and Suraj Kund tourist complex.
Nearest airport is the Indira Gandhi International Airport. Local trains connect the city with New Delhi. Faridabad is also well linked with other city centers by road.