Gaur (Bas gaurus) is heavy-bodied and typically blue-eyed and lives in small herds in the mountain forests of India. It attains a shoulder height of 1.8 m. It has curving horns and sturdy limbs. The shoulders have a striking muscular ridge that slopes down to the middle of the back, where it ends in an abrupt dip.
The coat is hairy and glossy. Adults, especially bulls, are almost hairless except on the head, chest, underpants and the lower parts of the legs. The color varies from brown, jet-black to reddish. All four limbs have white stockings.
Gaurs graze preferentially on green grasses although it consumes herbs and leaves. The cattle has been domesticated and used for both food and work in India.