Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth guru of Sikhs, was born to Guru Harigobind and Bibi Nanki at Amritsar
on April 1, 1622. He was synonym of sacrifice, knowledge, fearlessness and truth.
Popularly referred to as Tyag Mal (the master of renunciation), Guruji in his early days fought a couple of battles along with his father. But the bloody battle in 1636 brought about a drastic change in his attitude and as a result he embraced the path of renunciation and meditation. When time for marriage, he married Gujari, the daughter of Lal Chand and Bishan Kaur.
On March 20, 1665, Guruji was acceded to the Guru Gaddi, the guruship or seat of Gurus, which is revered and respected by the Sikhs all over the world.
The significant of his contributions is building the city of Anandpur Sahib. He has to his credit over hundreds of hymns and saloks, popular being those made in the Guru Granth Sahib, the sacred book of Sikhs.
Guruji was put to death by the Mughal Emperor
Aurangzeb on November 11, 1675 at
Delhi for rescuing Kashmiri Hindus, who were persecuted by the
Gurdwara Sis Gang near Chandni Chowk, Old Delhi, is a memorial shrine where Guruji is cremated.
Guru Tegh Bahadur was succeeded by his son Guru Gobind Singh, who is the last of the ten gurus.