The district of Golaghat was created in the pre-independence era (in the year 1848). It is situated at a height of 71 meters above sea level. Golaghat is bounded by the river
in the north, the state of
in the south, Jorhat District
in the east, and Karbi Anglong
districts in the west.
The average annual rainfall is 1,300 mm, and the climate is tropical with a hot and humid weather prevailing most of summer and monsoon months. Rice and sugarcane are the main agricultural crops. With as many as 63 large tea gardens, Golaghat's largest agro-based industry is tea.
Kaziranga National Park and the Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary are famous worldwide for the one-horned rhino. The main tributaries of the Brahmaputra that flow across Golaghat are Dhansiri,
Doyang, Gela-beel and Kakodonga. Garampani, Neghereting Shiva Mandir, Deopahar Ruins,
Uncle Robin's Children's Museum are the major tourist destinations.
Area: 3,502 sq km.