India | Assam


Assameses are tribal inhabitants found in the north-eastern corner of India. They primarily inhabit many villages and towns in the state of Assam. The tribe members are small in stature and have dark yellow complexions. They are considered to be a descent of Mongoloid group.

The tribe has a distinct language known as Asamiya, which is a member of the Indo-Aryan languages family. Its script is similar to that of Bengali and is derived from the ancient Brahmi script.

Agriculture is the main occupation. Major crops cultivated include rice, tea, jute and potatoes. The tribe members also engage in fishing and basket weaving.

Around eighty percentages of the tribe are Hindus and about sixteen percentages follow Islamic traditions and customs. Assameses also believe in animism, the belief that non-living objects have spirits.

Updated on 7th June, 2005


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