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Indian Population
Current Population Of India 1,065,070,607
Population Density of India 324 persons per square kilometre
   
Age structure  
0 to 14 years 31.7% (male 173,869,856; female 164,003,915)
15 to 64 years 63.5% (male 349,785,804; female 326,289,402)
65 years and over 4.8% (male 25,885,725; female 25,235,905)
   
Median age  
Total 24.4 years
Male 24.4 years
Female 24.4 years
Population growth rate 1.44%
Birth rate 22.8 births/1,000 population
Death rate 8.38 deaths/1,000 population
Net migration rate -0.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population
Infant mortality rate 0
Total 57.92 deaths/1,000 live births
Female 57.29 deaths/1,000 live births
Male 58.52 deaths/1,000 live births
   
Life expectancy at birth  
Total population 63.99 years
Male 63.25 years
Female 64.77 years
Total fertility rate 2.85 children born/woman
   
HIV / AIDS  
Adult prevalence rate 0.8%
People living with HIV / AIDS 3.97 million
Deaths because of HIV / AIDS 310,000
   
Nationality  
Noun Indian(s)
Adjective Indian
   
Ethnic groups  
Indo-Aryan 72%
Dravidian 25%
Mongoloid and other's 3% (2000)
   
Religions  
Hindu 81.3%
Muslim 12%
Christian 2.3%
Sikh 1.9%
Other groups including Buddhist, Jain, Parsi 2.5% (2000)
   
Languages
English enjoys associate status but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the official language and primary tongue of 30% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language.
   
Literacy Rate (Definition: Age 15 and over that can read and write)
Total Population 59.5%
Male 70.2%
Female 48.3%