Jahandar Shah (1664-1713) was the Mughal emperor of India from 1712 to 1713. After the death of Bahadur Shah I in 1712, there was a war of succession among his four sons. With the help of Zulfiqar Khan, Jahandar Shah ascended the throne on March 29, 1712. Zulfiqar Khan was appointed as the powerful minister. Jahandar Shah was a peace loving king, devoted to Lady Lal Kanwar, who came from the family of musicians.
After ascending the throne, Jahandar Shah lifted Lal Kanwar to the status of a queen and gave the title of Imtiyaz Mughal. The relatives of Lal Kanwar robbed and mismanaged the entire state administration. Jahandar Shah faced troubles from Muhammad Farrukhsiyar, the grandson of Bahadur Shah, and the second son of Azim-ush-Shan. With the help of Saiyid brothers, Muhammad Farrukhsiyar defeated Jahandar Shah in the battlefield of Samugarh, on January 6, 1713. Both Jahandar Shah and Lal Kanwar escaped and went back to Delhi seeking the help of Zulfiqar Khan. Instead of helping, Zulfiqar Khan imprisoned him, to gain the favor the new emperor. Jahandar Shah was murdered in prison on February 11, 1713. He was buried in the vault of Humayun's tomb by the side of other members of his family.