Bundelkhand is the geographical area of northern
in central India. It is a semi-arid plateau that includes 12 districts of northern Madhya Pradesh
and 5 districts of southern Uttar Pradesh
It lies in the central Hindi belt, south of the Yamuna River, between the fertile Gangetic plain, and stretches across northern Uttar Pradesh and the highlands of central Madhya Pradesh. The region is marked by undulating terrain with low rocky outcrops, narrow valleys and plains. The inhabitants depend on rain fed single crop agriculture and small-scale livestock production for their livelihood, with wheat, grams and oil seeds as the main crops.
The region faces extreme temperatures and receives an average rainfall of 800-900 mm per year. Sindh, Betwa, Ken, Bagahin, Tons, Pahuj, Dhasaan and Chambal are the major rivers that flow through the region.