Thanka and Freska Paintings of Ladakh are famous throughout India. These painting are greatly related to Buddhist religion in this region.
Freska Paintings have completely the religious significance, and highlight various scenes of Lord Buddha's spirituality. Thanka Paintings include some varieties depicting the process of the enlightenment, which the Lord Buddha attained under a tree whereas some reveal, Nirvana.
A white cloth called 'Latha' is used for painting. After painting, this cloth is cut into appropriate lengths and plastered with local clay, which is abundant in Lamayuru and Spituk villages.
After drying out this plastered object, the picture is smoothened by a special black stone called gota. Then the cloth is mounted on a wooden frame and the artist then outlines the object to be prepared. The dry colors are mixed with hot water. Some are made out of real gold water so that it retains its polish for ever. Then it is fixed on a decorative piece of cloth and hanged on walls or scrolled.