Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan.
00 N, 77 00 E
3,287,590 sq km
2,973,190 sq km
314,400 sq km
Slightly more than one-third the size of the US.
Land boundaries (Total)
Border Shared With Countries
Coastline: Claims and Boundaries
Maritime claims (Contiguous zone)
200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
Exclusive economic zone
Varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north
Upland Plain (Deccan Plateau) in South, Flat to Rolling Plain along
the Ganges, Deserts in West, Himalayas in North.
Indian Ocean 0 m
Kanchenjunga 8,598 m
Coal, Iron Ore, Manganese, Mica, Bauxite, Titanium Ore, Chromite,
Natural Gas, Diamonds, Petroleum, Limestone, Arable Land
42.99% (1998 est.)
590,000 sq km (1998 est.)
Droughts, Flash Floods, Widespread and Destructive Flooding from
Monsoonal Rains, Severe Thunderstorms and Earthquakes
Deforestation, Soil Erosion, Overgrazing, Desertification, Air
Pollution from industrial effluents and vehicle emissions, Water
pollution from raw sewage and runoff of agricultural pesticides, Tap
water is not potable throughout the country, Huge and growing
population is verstraining natural resources.
Party To: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources,
Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification,
Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law
of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber
83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling. Signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements.